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Why are we describing the economy’s contraction as a “surprise”?

Posted: January 31, 2013 at 5:27 am   /   by

The Heritage Foundation email I received this morning called it “unexpected.”

The Wall Street Journal says it is a “surprise.”

The U.S. economy shrank for the first time in more than three years in the fourth quarter, underscoring the halting nature of the recovery. But the strength of consumer spending and business investment suggested that the economy will grow, albeit slowly, this year.

Gross domestic product—the broadest measure of goods and services churned out by the economy—fell at a 0.1% annual rate in the fourth quarter of 2012, according to the government’s initial estimate out Wednesday.

The details weren’t as discouraging as the headline. The drop, a surprise, was driven by a sharp fall in government spending and by businesses putting fewer goods on warehouse shelves, as well as by a decline in exports. The mainstays of the domestic private economy—housing, consumer spending and business investment in equipment and software—were stronger.

Research firm Capital Economics called the report “the best-looking contraction in U.S. GDP you’ll ever see.” Forecasters didn’t see the decline as a harbinger of recession. They predicted the U.S. will expand at around a 2% pace in the current quarter, though the mood could shift Friday when the government releases its monthly snapshot of the job market.

I understand that certain fundamentals appear to indicate that areas of the economy are improving. And perhaps they are. But we just spent the last four years watching Barack Obama preside over cause the worst recovery since the Great Depression. Millions of people have simply given up trying to find work, which is the only reason why U3 unemployment isn’t at 12% or more. Inflation is higher than the CPI indicates. Yes, the stock market is doing well, thanks in no small measure to Barack Obama’s deployment of an extensive scheme of crony capitalism and corporatism. But this is hardly the Roaring Twenties.

And in that context, a small contraction really ought not be that much of a surprise.

Christopher Cook

Christopher Cook

Managing Editor at Western Free Press
Christopher Cook is a writer, editor, and political commentator. He is the president of Castleraine, Inc., a consulting firm providing a diverse array of services to corporate, public policy, and not-for-profit clients.

Ardently devoted to the cause of human freedom, he has worked at the confluence of politics, activism, and public policy for more than a decade. He co-wrote a ten-part series of video shorts on economics, and has film credits as a researcher on 11 political documentaries, including Citizens United's notorious film on Hillary Clinton that became the subject of a landmark Supreme Court decision. He is the founder of several activist endeavors, including (now a part of Western Free Press) and He is currently the managing editor of and principal contributor to
Christopher Cook

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Why are we describing the economy's contraction as a "surprise"?